Blended learning

Blended learning - is an association of online and offline learning in a single chain, which creates a "learning experience" and the students self-contained logical course or subject. Blended learning suggests instruction / theory that the student is working online (in the form of independent reading, watching the demonstration video or teachers lectures video, or in the form of the game), exercising gained knowledges offline (in the school during the classes). All activities that take place at school are connecting to each other reinforcing knowledges acquired during the independent learning.

[By the term “online learning” we understand format of online computer studies, where student chooses a place time, rhythm and sequence tasks of leaning. “Offline learning” means an interaction between students and teachers, schoolmates /colleagues in the project. Learning format means online or offline training; offline learning formats include work on group projects, individual consultations, lectures, seminars, discussions etc. (i.e. any interaction that takes place in real time without the mediation of technology)]

Blended learning - is a formal education program in which a student learns:
1. at least in part through online learning, with some element of student control over time, place, path, and/or pace;
2. at least in part in a supervised brick-and-mortar location away from home;
3. and the modalities along each student’s learning path within a course or subject are connected to provide an integrated learning experience.
 
From the perspective of the certain tasks assigned for blended learning, the aim is to choose a model that is most suitable for this purpose.
 
There are such models as:

1. 1. Rotation model a course or subject in which students rotate on a fixed schedule or at the teacher’s discretion between learning modalities, at least one of which is online learning. Other modalities might include activities such as small-group or full-class instruction, group projects, individual tutoring, and pencil-and-paper assignments. The students learn mostly on the brick-and-mortar campus, except for any homework assignments.

1.1.   Station Rotation — a course or subject in which students experience the Rotation model within a contained classroom or group of classrooms. The Station Rotation model differs from the Individual Rotation model because students rotate through all of the stations, not only those on their custom schedules.

1.2. Lab Rotation — a course or subject in which students rotate to a computer lab for the online-learning station.

1.3. Flipped Classroom — a course or subject in which students participate in online learning off-site in place of traditional homework and then attend the brick-and-mortar school for face-to-face, teacher-guided practice or projects. The primary delivery of content and instruction is online, which differentiates a Flipped Classroom from students who are merely doing homework practice online at night.

1.4.Individual Rotation — a course or subject in which each student has an individualized playlist and does not necessarily rotate to each available station or modality. An algorithm or teacher(s) sets individual student schedules.

 2. Flex model a course or subject in which online learning is the backbone of student learning, even if it directs students to offline activities at times. Students move on an individually customized, fluid schedule among learning modalities. The teacher of record is on-site, and students learn mostly on the brick-and-mortar campus, except for any homework assignments. The teacher of record or other adults provide face-to-face support on a flexible and adaptive as-needed basis through activities such as small-group instruction, group projects, and individual tutoring. Some implementations have substantial face-to-face support, whereas others have minimal support. For example, some Flex models may have face-to-face certified teachers who supplement the online learning on a daily basis, whereas others may provide little face-to-face enrichment. Still others may have different staffing combinations. These variations are useful modifiers to describe a particular Flex model.

 

3. A La Carte modela course that a student takes entirely online to accompany other experiences that the student is having at a brick-and-mortar school or learning center. The teacher of record for the A La Carte course is the online teacher. Students may take the A La Carte course either on the brick-and-mortar campus or off-site. This differs from full-time online learning because it is not a whole-school experience. Students take some courses A La Carte and others face-to-face at a brick-and-mortar campus.

 4. Enriched Virtual model — a course or subject in which students have required face-to-face learning sessions with their teacher of record and then are free to complete their remaining coursework remote from the face-to-face teacher. Online learning is the backbone of student learning when the students are located remotely. The same person generally serves as both the online and face-to-face teacher. Many Enriched Virtual programs began as full-time online schools and then developed blended programs to provide students with brick-and-mortar school experiences. The Enriched Virtual model differs from the Flipped Classroom because in Enriched Virtual programs, students seldom meet face-to-face with their teachers every weekday. It differs from a fully online course because face-to-face learning sessions are more than optional office hours or social events; they are required.

 

 

Flipped classrom російською  (той самий текст англійською  – для тих, хто володіє та хоче опанувати термінологію)

Додаткова інформація про моделі blended learning (російська)

Наукова стаття “Змішане навчання”

Стаття “Змішане навчання, як модель використання інформаційно-освітніх ресурсів”

Різні відео про змішане навчання на цьому блозі

Відео про перевернутий клас

Веселе та просте відео про перевернутий клас (анлійська)

Стаття про змішане навчання (російська)

Секрети успіху blended learning

Для загального розвитку більш візійна стаття – Освіта після технологій

 

Джерело: http://www.prosvitcenter.org/

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